In various cultures as well as through history of mankind, many contributions have been made towards the welfare of families by children who are aged below 17years. Child labour is much because of the poverty in society...
The aim of the Act is clearly to prohibit employment of a child lower than 14 years, as stated in the section 3. There is specific prohibition of putting children in employment in specific processes and occupations which are hazardous...
India still is in the phase of being challenged by issues of child labour. Even though the government has tried different measures in a proactive manner, the extent and magnitude of the problem is so high that it has become a problem...
India still is in the phase of being challenged by issues of child labour. Even though the government has tried different measures in a proactive manner, the extent and magnitude of the problem is so high that it has become a problem of socio-economic level linked with illiteracy and poverty. This therefore warrants a specified effort from various sections of the society in order to just dent the problem.
As per the figures of 2001 Census, 1.26 crore children are working within the age of 5 and 14 years, while the total children population is 25.2 crores. 12 lakhs is the number of children who are involved in works and processes with hazards, as denoted by Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act comprising of 65 processes and 18 occupations. National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) did a survey in 2004-2005 and estimated that 90.75 lakhs children are working. The decrease in number is an indication of the fruits of the efforts by the government.
Officially, the figures are indicative of 12 million children working in India, but the NGOs are of the opinion that in actuality, it could be about 60 million. Girls involved in child labour are near about the number of boys.
Most of these children work in sectors like dhabas, textile factories, or hotels or as domestic helps. Those working in matchstick units and firecracker manufacturing industries are exposed to hazards. The conditions of working are very poor and can take away the childhood of these kids.
In 2006, there was a law passed, which made it mandatory that no child less than 14 years should be working. But the problem with such a law was its enforcement, which is the scenario with many other laws. Within 2 years of this law, the Ministry of Labour took out operations numbering about 12,000 cases, but prosecutions were done in only 211 cases.