In various cultures as well as through history of mankind, many contributions have been made towards the welfare of families by children who are aged below 17years. Child labour is much because of the poverty in society...
The aim of the Act is clearly to prohibit employment of a child lower than 14 years, as stated in the section 3. There is specific prohibition of putting children in employment in specific processes and occupations which are hazardous...
India still is in the phase of being challenged by issues of child labour. Even though the government has tried different measures in a proactive manner, the extent and magnitude of the problem is so high that it has become a problem...
Consequences of Child Labour
From the point of view of welfare of the economy, child labourers in large numbers can be a serious issue as the children working refrain from getting quality education. There is no development in terms of intellect, emotional, psychology and physical. Working in hazardous conditions can be in worse situations. Working children remain illiterate and there is a limitation to the extent to which they build up their well being and fail to contribute to the community in which they are staying. For India, the adverse effects of child labour are long term.
Education and knowledgeable workforce is essential for keeping an economy in the path of prosperity, which will satisfy the need of proper skills for industries. Today’s labourers at their youth will be the human capital of India tomorrow. But the concept of child labour is a shift away from accumulation of human capital.
Majority of the child labourers in India are present in the agriculture sector and some are present in the intensive labour demanding sari weaving industries where low quality skill is expected from them and few also work as domestic helps, where the quality of education required from them is negligible and some are also engaged in heavy mining industries.
ILO has concluded that the nations sending their children to school have lots of benefits at the economic front, instead of letting them go to work. Education allows the children to learn skills such as literacy in English and technical parts, which can increase their productivity and lets them, have jobs with better skills and larger pay packets, which will finally help in alleviating poverty.